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Martyrs Day in India History

Martyrs Day (Sarvodaya Day or Shaheed Diwas) in India

Martyrs day in India is celebrated to pay homage to the victims who fought for the freedom, welfare and progress of the India and sacrificed their lives. It is celebrated every year all over the country on 30th of January. India is the country among other 15 countries of the world where Martyrs Day is celebrated every year to pay homage to the freedom fighters.

Mahatma Gandhi was a Brahmin by birth but he always considered his religion humanity. For him, war was the blunt weapon and he followed non-violence, the sharpest weapon for getting the freedom.

Martyrs Day in India 2015

Martyrs Day (Sarvodaya Day or Shaheed Diwas) in India 2015 was celebrated on 30th of January, at Friday and 23rd of March, at Monday.

Why Martyrs Day is celebrated on 30th of January


Martyrs day is celebrated on 30th of January every year as on the same day, Mahatma Gandhi (Bapu) was assassinated in the year 1948 before the sunset during the evening prayers. He was a great freedom fighter of the India and counted as the greatest amongst the lakhs and lakhs of martyrs. He did a very hard work throughout his life for the independence, welfare and development of the India. 30th of January is the martyr day of the Mahatma Gandhi which was declared by the Government of India as the Martyrs’ Day. Since then, 30th of January is celebrated as the Martyrs’ Day every year to pay tribute to the Mahatma Gandhi.

January 30 of the year 1948 was the saddest day for the country which has become the most poignant day in the Indian history. Gandhi Smriti, a place where Mahatma Gandhi was killed at his 348 in the Birla House during evening prayers.

Losing the Father of the Nation just after the hard-won independence under his leadership was the biggest misfortune for the country. He was killed in front of the big crowed came for the evening prayer. After his assassination, a big crowed was gathered in front of the Birla House to have a look of the Bapu. Bapu was the great person who had sacrificed his whole life in company with the lakhs of men and women for the India Independence became a martyr.

So, the Martyrs Day in India is an occasion celebrated every year to memorize all the Indian martyrs and pay tribute to them. After the independence of India, Bapu had started working on the mission for setting up the harmony, peace and brotherhood among the people of India but, he was killed while working on this mission.

Why Martyrs Day is celebrated on 23rd of March


23rd of March is also declared as the martyrs day in India to remember the sacrifice and pay homage to the Bhagat Singh, Shivaram Rajguru and Sukhdev Thapar. Bhagat Singh, Shivaram Rajguru and Sukhdev Thapar were fought for India against the British rule for independence.

Bhagat Singh, a well-known freedom fighter in the history of India, was born on 28th of September in 19034 in the Lyallpur, Punjab in the Sikh family. His father was the member of an organization called Ghadar Party working for the independence of India. Bhagat Singh together with his companions Rajguru, Azad, Sukhdev and Jai Gopal fought for the assassination of Lala Lajpat Rai. The daring adventures of Bhagat Singh have become a great inspiration for the youngsters of today.

In the year 1929, on 8th of April he together with his companions threw bombs over the Central Legislative Assembly reading slogan “Inquilab Zindabad”. They charged with the murder and hanged at 34.30 pm in the Lahore jail on 23th of March in the year 1931. Their body was cremated at the banks of the Sutlej River. Now a day, a big Shaheedi Mela (Martyrdom fair) is held in the birthplace Ferozepur, at the National Martyrs Memorial in the Hussainiwala (Indo-Pak border).

How Martyrs Day is Celebrated

At this day, the President of India including the Vice President, the Prime Minister, the Defense Minister, and the service Chiefs get together at the Rajghat to the Samadhi of the Mahatma Gandhi to put down flowers garland to the statue of Bapu. An honorable salute is then given by the armed forces personnel and inter-services contingent to pay respect to the martyrs.

Then, the gathered people keep silence for 2 mins in the memory of the Bapu, Father of the Nation, and other martyrs throughout the country. At the same place, religious prayers and bhajans are sung by the loved ones.

Children of the schools from the Kolkata are dressed like Bapu and gathered to play role in the function at this day. The various other functions related to the Bapu’s life are carried out by the schools students while celebrating the Martyrs Day.

However in India, more than one Martyrs Day (also called as the Sarvodaya day at the national level) has been declared to honor the other martyrs of the nation.

13th of July

13th of July is also celebrated as the martyrs day in India in the Jammu and Kashmir to memorize the death of 22 people. They were killed by the royal soldiers while demonstrating adjacent to the Maharaja Hari Singh of the Kashmir on 13th of July in the year 1931.

134th of November



134th of November is celebrated as the martyrs day in the Odisha to observe the death anniversary of the Lala Lajpat Rai (also famous as the “Lion of Punjab”). He was a leader and freedom fighter during the independence of India from the British Raj.

19th of November



19th of November (birthday of Rani Lakshmibai) is also celebrated as the martyrs day in the state of Jhansi. It is celebrated to pay honor to those who sacrificed their lives during the rebellion of the year 18534. Rani Lakshmibai was the leading figure of that rebellion.

Martyrs Day Quotes

  • “Martyrs, my friend, have to choose between being forgotten, mocked or used. As for being understood – never.”
  • “The people who have really made history are the martyrs.”
  • “The blood of the martyrs is the seed of the church.”
  • “Men do not accept their prophets and slay them, but they love their martyrs and worship those whom they have tortured to death.”
  • “They’re not put on earth to be martyrs; they have to want to come out. It depends on your culture, where you work, where you live. Each person’s circumstances are unique.”
  • “It is truer to say that martyrs create faith more than faith creates martyrs.”
  • “Martyrs do not underrate the body, they allow it to be elevated on the cross. In this they are at one with their antagonists.”
  • “Great persecutors are recruited among martyrs whose heads haven’t been cut off.”
  • “We, who are the living, possess the past. Tomorrow is for our martyrs.”
  • “All religions have periods in their history which are looked back to with retrospective fear and trembling as eras of persecution, and each religion has its own book of martyrs.”
  • “These martyrs of patriotism gave their lives for an idea.”
  • “The tyrant dies and his rule is over, the martyr dies and his rule begins.”
  • “They may torture my body, break my bones, even kill me. Then they will have my dead body, but not my obedience.”

Indian martyrs

Mahatma Gandhi
Bhagat Singh
Shivaram Rajguru
Sukhdev Thapar
Lala Lajpat Rai
Rani Lakshmibai


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